Alongside the standard 12-volt vehicle electrical system, the 48-volt vehicle electrical system is an additional system that enables mild hybridisation of the drive train. Drive concepts are called mild hybrids when an electric motor supports the internal combustion engine, the power of which is not sufficient, however, to drive the vehicle alone. 48-volt vehicle electrical systems are currently mainly integrated in modern high-end passenger cars.
The term “infotainment system” is used to describe a system of components that offer a range of comfort and safety functions. These include radio, multimedia, navigation and connectivity functions. “Infotainment” is a portmanteau of the words “information” and “entertainment”. Infotainment systems are intended to either relieve, inform or entertain the driver.